This chapter is based on Matthew 22:1-14. Forgiveness is a difficult concept to learn, much less implement each day. a. Parable is just a fancy word for a story. Many Are Called, Few Are Chosen. Verse 10 suggests that the wedding was populated with both “bad and good” people as the world defines. The wording, “And he was speechless,” indicates that he was without excuse. What the Bible says about And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, Extravagant amounts of money are spent for the ceremony and the reception. Teaching Kids How to Make Faith-Based Resolutions, Teaching the Twelve Apostles: James the Lesser. In the last post of the Teaching the Twelve Apostles series, learn about James the Lesser, who was given the power to heal the sick and... Concordia Publishing House (CPH) is the publisher of The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod (LCMS) dedicated to spreading the Gospel message of Jesus Christ throughout the whole world. The important question is “Now that we have been called, are we producing the fruit that glorifies God, transforming into the image of Jesus Christ?” (Romans 12:2). These people, though technically called, will likely rise in the second resurrection, when they will be able to respond to God without Satan's interference. The Parable. God calls you and me to forgive... Do you remember having a snow day from school? They had gotten far off course. Every branch that does not bear fruit He takes away [margin: lifts up; or removes, cuts off]; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.” He ends the passage by saying, “By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples” (verse 8). The wedding garment represents “the righteousness of Christ.” So, rejecting the garment represents the rejection of character that qualify men to become children of God. Rejecting the garment of Christ’s righteousness represents a rejection of the character that qualifies men and women to … As Jesus puts it, “He becomes unfruitful” (Matthew 13:22). Certainly, Judaism makes use of the writings of Moses and the prophets, but it also leans heavily on the traditions of Jewish scholars and is infused with Greek philosophy. So often, it is easy to let down in our thinking, assessing that, because we believe we are members of the church, we can relax in our conduct and spiritual growth. We are to regard all people as equally in need of what God has to offer in Jesus Christ. The remaining teaching is individual. They, too, spurned their calling. The wedding garment then, tells us quite simply, that those who have put on the Lord Jesus Christ must behave in such a way that people see Jesus in them. He was executed as a rebel. So the wedding hall was filled with guests. He decides against clothing himself properly, even though the appropriate clothing is available. Instead, we must put on His righteousness and be conformed to it so that it fits and covers us appropriately. Proving their contempt, they treated the king's servants, who had personally borne the invitations to them, with great disrespect and even killed some. 22:1-14 by Father James Thornton. All our own righteousness are as filthy rags, but when we come to the Lord Jesus in repentance and faith, then God imputes His righteousness to us, reckoning Christ’s righteousness as ours. One person may live a less destructive, more benevolent life when compared to another person. It might be better phrased, “Why are you not wearing a wedding garment, even though one was provided for you?”. 2. It contains new and old clothing, new and old wineskins, and new and old wine. To the modern-day reader, the phrase “bad and good” in verse 10 may suggest that God divides people based on their behavior or innate worth. First, Jesus suffered and died to redeem the whole world. Bring in any one of these four items: a white baptismal gown, a confirmation robe, a white wedding gown, or a pastor’s robe. In these the Kingdom of Heaven is presented as the wedding banquet of a certain king's son -obviously God's. There was one guest. Of the guests who have been gathered one is unworthy. God intended that covenant to prepare His people for the coming of the Messiah. In the parable, the man without a wedding garment represents all those who have joined the Church for reasons other than love for Christ. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. The man desired the honor of attending the wedding feast, but he did not want to follow the custom of the king. Here, therefore, the "wedding garment" is nothing less than the "holiness" without which "no man shall see the Lord" (Hebrews 12:14), and that holiness, as in the framework of the parable and in the realities of the spiritual life, Christ is ever ready to impart to him that truly believes. The parable is a series of contrasts between new and old. Sermon : The Parable Of The Wedding Garment Matt. While all are invited, only those who are clothed in the righteousness of Christ by faith in Jesus will be allowed into heaven and the marriage supper of … In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” For many are called, but few are chosen. “Sent Forth by God’s Blessing” (hymn 208). In the parable of the wedding feast, Jesus compared the Kingdom of heaven to a king, who made a marriage for his son. In this parable of the wedding feast, the banquet is the Kingdom of Heaven where there is God who is the King, the attendants are the righteous people who have prepared themselves to be in the presence of God and the man without the wedding garment … Therefore, the “old” elements in this parable could be any system of belief aside from what became available through Christ. Or walking in the steps of others to avoid a fall? There’s always a twist that his audience didn’t see coming. Matthew 22:1-13 contains the Parable of the Wedding Garment, whose lesson is that inappropriate clothing will keep a person out of a wedding feast. admits, that it was not an authentic part of a parable spoken by Jesus. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Instead, God gave them tunics made of skin (verse 21), requiring the life of an animal, representing the Lamb of God giving His life to cover sin. The sense of his question is one of incredulity. It is not just the Old Covenant. For this one the guest list changed from the specially invited to the everyday person, some of which were good while others were bad. It is not enough that we merely believe the invitation of the Gospel; we must lay hold of the righteousness of God, which is offered us in Christ Jesus, and upon all them that believe. Notice that the servants make no distinction between good and bad. He was, in fact, determined not to wear one. If you put on a garment, what do people see when they look at you? Their understanding is that a good person is a Jew, faithful to the teaching of Moses and the Pharisees. The Parable of the Wedding Robe: Matthew 22:11-14. The man who was caught wearing his old clothing learned what an offense it was as he was removed from the celebration. He represents all who profess what they do not possess. The king was rightly furious, and he mustered his forces to avenge his maltreated servants to erase the disrespect shown to him. “A wedding garment.” The garment was part of the King’s provision, but he refused it. Isidore Clarke. When the king comes in to look at the guests, what distinction does he make? 22 And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, 2 “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, 3 and sent his servants  to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. They do this by overcoming their old sinful natures, seen in the works of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-21), and growing in the traits of their Savior, seen in the fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23). His lack of proper dress revealed his inner rebellion against the king and his instructions. God secures your steps as you move... Mission work is important for every Christian. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. Having the man brought forward, the king asked: “Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?” (Matthew 22:12). Parable of the Wedding Garment, Parables of Jesus Christ: Guests at Wedding Supper. When the king entered the wedding hall, he noticed that one guest clearly stood out from all the others because he was not wearing a wedding garment. Our wedding garment is the righteousness of Christ; unless we agree to wear it, we’ll be prevented from appreciating gain when we attend the King’s big wedding feast in his kingdom. This is the end portion of Jesus’ larger teaching of the wedding feast. So the wedding hall was filled with guests. The verses that we heard this morning, from the twenty-second chapter of St. Matthew, are comprised of one of Christ's parables, that in which He compares the Kingdom of Heaven to a great marriage feast. But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. In other words, he quits producing the kind of character growth God wants to see in him. Second, just like the servants who invite people to the wedding banquet, God’s Holy Spirit reaches out with the Gospel of salvation in Jesus Christ. God does it all. The reason the gospel has a lot to do with the first reading for Mass, and the responsorial psalm too though, is because of the wedding garment in this parable: “But when the king came in to meet the guests he saw a man there not dressed in a wedding garment. 11 But when the king came in to view the guests, he looked intently at a man there who had on no wedding garment. God's calling clearly corresponds with the king's invitation, and indeed, the invitation went out to both the original guest list (Israel/Judah, whose people were killed in war and whose city, Jerusalem, was burned; Matthew 22:7) and then to mankind generally. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth”. The man without a wedding garment.—Though this feature has no connection with the polemic against the Sanhedrists, it does not follow, as even Weiss (Matthäus-Evang.) The guest without a wedding garment entered and had taken place at the table. They see you in that particular form of wearing that garment. However, many Jews would not receive it, rejecting its prophets and teachers and, especially, Jesus Himself. He enjoys running, writing, and trying to impress people with his guitar playing. In the parable, the king finds a man at the feast who is not wearing a wedding garment. Those who put on the wedding garment as good as said, … Revelation 19:8 defines this symbol: The wedding garment identifies the righteous, those who lived according to God's ways. What happens when one of the called fails to bear fruit? Unfortunately, many modern-day readers share the view of the Jewish leaders, including a fair number of Christians. As Christians, we reject no one. However, as you observe more closely, you find dirt, wear, and other imperfections. Recall Psalm 14:3: They have all turned aside; together they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one. Martin Luther … 1. Hymn numbers are for All God’s People Sing. This is why the king reacts so swiftly and harshly: “Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Matthew 22:13). When asked why, the man is speechless. Notice verses 1-2: “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. After all the guests have assembled, the king spots a man without a wedding garment and orders that he be shown the door. In those times, travel over long distances was far slower than today, so plans needed to be made long in advance. For example, some, facing the prospect of losing a job because of keeping of the Sabbath, rationalized that God would not want them to fail to support their families and so left the church, considering God's way to be too difficult. 22: 1-14 Page 2 I. To refuse the garment is insulting to the giver. He rejects no one for being “bad” but rather for their lack of wearing a wedding garment. The Jewish Rabbis often told two parables about wedding feast. This bearing of fruit is the requirement of being chosen, as Jesus explains in John 15:1-8. But, just as it makes no sense to tear off a piece from a new garment to patch an old one, so is it also a futile exercise to try to keep our own righteousness intact and use a little bit of Christ's righteousness to cover a flaw here and there. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). The King ( God ) planned a great occasion for His subjects ( Jews ) to share in a time of feasting with His Son ( the blessings of the kingdom ) & to rejoice in His marriage ( to the church ), but His subjects ( Jews ) would have no part of this feast ( which they proved by rejecting Jesus ), so the invitation was … To those who are depending on their own works, their own self-righteousness, to make them acceptable before God (see Ephesians 2:8-10). However, God compares us to Himself. Matthew 13:23 describes the group we must be in to be chosen: “But he who received seed on the good ground is he who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and produces: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.” The ones whom God commends are those who bear fruit. His presence at the wedding is a sign of his rebellion against the king's authority and majesty, symbolized by the feast. The Parable of the Sower both warns and advises us on the course of our lives once we hear “the word of the kingdom” (verse 19). (From Forerunner Commentary). His lack of a wedding garment was another example of extreme disrespect for both the king and his son. John 3:16 teaches this. COL 307.1 And those servants went out into the roads and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good. The Parable of the Wedding Feast . In fact, they were sufficient unto themselves with their farms and shops; they felt they had need of nothing (Revelation 3:17). This was Jesus’ way of teaching the inadequacy of self-righteousness. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall … They stated by their actions that they cared little for the king and his son. The custom in those days was for the one hosting the wedding feast—in this case, the king—to provide garments for the wedding guests. Let’s start off with the Parable of the Wedding Feast. Looking for suggestions on teaching other parables? Anyone else, then, is bad. It was not just that he lacked a wedding garment, but that he did not wear one on purpose. Vs. 1-2 The king prepared a great wedding feast for His son. His overarching point is that God prepared the kingdom of heaven for the Jews, His chosen people, always intending that it would be given to the Gentiles as well. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Then the king said to the attendants, “Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. We fail to produce spiritual fruit at our eternal peril! John O. Reid (1930-2016) And those servants went out into the roads and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good. After Adam and Eve sinned, they tried to cover themselves with something they made with their own hands (Genesis 3:7). This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. As Jesus explains, some never get beyond mere hearing of it, and Satan does his dirty work to keep them in the dark. Point out how the room appears clean at first glance. Greetings, from Fr. Jesus is merely using their own language. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall be accounted fit guests for the wedding. In almost every culture, wedding ceremonies are a big deal. The Parable of the Wedding Garment: Matthew 22:10–14. If you haven’t read The Parable of the Wedding Banquet in Matthew 22:1-14, go read it. 1-14.This contains two related parables. This includes the Gentiles. The parable of the wedding garment opens before us a lesson of the highest consequence. Even if one is poor, there is pressure to put on a good show. Another group appears in verse 22: those in whom “the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word.” Some among us in former days partook of a slice of success in this world, and their wealth and position eventually became more important to them than doing what God asks of His people. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall be accounted fit guests for the wedding. While Jesus’ parable of the wedding garment is relatively brief, it presents two fundamental teachings of the Christian faith: God’s definitions of “good” and “bad” are vastly different from our own, and there is salvation only by grace through faith in Christ. So, a second, more urgent invitation was sent out to the same people, as time was getting short, but the invitees paid little heed to it, caught up in their own activities and ventures. Clothing, Wineskins, and Wine. In the same way, some people may appear perfect, but in reality we all need what God has to offer in Christ. I would be somewhere out in public and find myself missing one or more pieces of clothing. Because Jesus was taken away, His righteousness is available to us, so we need to discard any thought that our own is suitable. CPH publishes over 8,000 products for churches, homes (individuals and families), and schools including Bibles, Bible studies, curriculum, Vacation Bible School (VBS), Sunday School, worship resources, church supplies, Spanish resources, and other Christian books and gifts. Jesus begins with an example of old and new garments: “No one puts a piece from a new garment on an old one; otherwise the new makes a tear, and also the piece that was taken out of the new does not match the old.” In Scripture, going all the way back to the Garden of Eden, garments or clothing are common symbols of righteousness. The call to the feast. Today’s Bible Quote of the Day Reflections. Such a person becomes distracted by the world and chooses to prioritize God, not first, but further down the list. The Parable of the Wedding Feast A Homily on St. Matt. What’s more, God wants this salvation invitation to go out to all. The parable suggests that, not only did the man not have on a wedding garment, but he did so intentionally. In fact, the Pharisees in Jesus' audience did not actually represent the Old Covenant. The Bible teaches that God’s Holy Spirit creates faith in the dead heart of the sinner, and through that faith brings forgiveness and eternal life. How many good things do you have to do to change that status?